Medicine is the science, art, and discipline of treating a patient with a view toward improving the diagnosis, course of treatment, prevention or palliation of a disease or injury and caring for the patient. Medicine encompasses various medical practices developed over the years to keep and restore good health by the prevention or timely treatment of disease. Modern medicine is the basis of our society and the way we live. We owe a great deal to this field of medical endeavor for the advancements we make in every sphere of life.
The developing world has provided tremendous scope to pharmaceutical engineers to come up with essential medicines that can fight against diseases. The developing world produces more drugs than any other area of the world. The world’s supply of drugs is aging at an alarming rate. A combination of drugs developed by pharmaceutical graduates and cheap synthetic drugs are needed to manufacture essential medicines that will produce lasting effects in the drug-ravaged countries.
Modern medicine is based on the efficacious use of antibiotics. This has resulted in the production of huge quantities of antibiotics and innumerable drugs for various human and animal infections. The antibiotic industry is one of the most profitable sectors in the pharmaceutical industry. Recently, the government of India has taken a decision to regulate the manufacture of antibiotics and other crucial medicines to avoid overdose and addiction.
Another area that has seen a marked improvement in medical infrastructure is the AIDS region. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is an ever-growing condition affecting people through the age group of 40 and above. The increasing price of AIDS drugs is straining the finances of the developing world. There is a dearth of cheap generic AIDS drugs in the developing world. Many pharmaceutical companies have initiated research projects aimed at developing new drugs for AIDS. This has resulted in the production of large number of AIDS drugs that have high efficiency and low cost/no cost prices.
The medical advances achieved by Pharmaceutical engineers in the last few years are a boon to the people living in the developing world. However, the problem of access to medicine is still prevalent. In the developed world, there is a great deal of concern about health-care, particularly medicine. All people are scared of getting sick and losing their lives in hospitals. Access to cheap drugs also poses a problem in developing countries, especially if the local pharmaceutical company fails to develop the required medicine in the required timeframe.
The major challenge for developing countries is not only to produce essential medicines but also to develop cost-effective drugs. Most of the drugs developed locally are quite costly. It becomes increasingly difficult for the developing country to manufacture medicines that are affordable. Pharmaceutical companies, both domestic and foreign, are now playing an important role in the development of essential medicines. They are assisting developing countries obtain necessary medicines at reasonable prices.