Medicine is the science, art, and discipline of treating a patient with a disease or suffering from their injury and treating their injuries or illness. Medicine covers a wide range of healthcare practices developed to keep and restore healthcare for individuals. All practices in medicine employ various medical specialties and forms of treatment such as diagnosing, treating, and monitoring. These practices also use scientific principles, such as research, evidence based practice, and good data management.
Diagnosing a disease or injury is usually done through observing the symptoms. This part of medicine involves both looking at the body’s systems and actions to diagnose a disorder. Treating is necessary to fully cure the disorder. In addition, preventing disease is a large factor in medicine; preventing illness can take one to two decades depending on how severe the disease is.
A large part of modern medicine deals with preventing disease by looking at the entire human body and preventing its disorders and progressions. Preventive medicine involves looking to prevent a disorder or progressions before they fully develop. Medicine is often used to treat ailments that are already present or take care of existing conditions. The field of medicine covers a wide range of topics and branches.
Complementary medicine, or medicine that is used in addition to modern medicine, encompasses a wide variety of subjects. Alternative medicine includes a wide variety of subjects such as traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, homeopathy, chiropractic, yoga, meditation, Reiki, and others. Complementary medicine covers various types of alternative practices such as acupuncture, herbalism, chiropractic, yoga, meditation, and others. Natural supplements are commonly used in complementary medicine. The purpose of complementary medicine is to work with patients on an individual level and to promote overall health. The methods and procedures used in complementary medicine are based on beliefs, standards, and other information from conventional Western medicine.
Medications and devices used in complementary medicine may include physical therapies and herbal medications. The use of massage therapy, Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, and chiropractic may be performed to treat illnesses. Therapies may use herbs, physical therapies, nutritional supplements, relaxation techniques, exercise, and other methods. Herbal medicines may be prescribed by a practitioner of complementary medicine. This type of medicine often uses herbs that are available for purchase in stores, but may also be purchased over-the-counter or online.
When it comes to diseases and disorders, there are very few exceptions to the rule. Most conditions can be successfully treated using modern medicine. However, there are instances when using modern medicine cannot cure or prevent disease. In these instances, complementary medicine may be a viable alternative. When in doubt, always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional for advice and information regarding complementary and traditional medicine.